For the policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, the Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals, available at: http://kamje.or.kr /publishing_ethics.html, the Guidelines on Good Publication, available at:
A. Conditions of authorship
The CERM follows the recommendations for authorship by the International
Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, 2010, http://www.icmje.org
). Authors should have made significant conceptual, intellectual, experimental, and analytical contributions to the research, as well as having participated in writing and revising the manuscript. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for its content. The Uniform Requirements by the ICMJE recommends authorship as follows.
Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet these 3 conditions.
B. Scientific misconduct
The CERM considers plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification to constitute scientific misconduct.
Changing research materials, equipment or processes; omission of data or results. As a consequence, the research is not accurately represented in the research records.
Data, results or recording or reporting information that does not exist.
Using another person's words, ideas, results, and processes without giving credit to them constitutes plagiarism. Self-plagiarism can include multiple publications of essentially the same manuscript or data in different journals, books, or other publications. Plagiarism includes the theft of intellectual property, ideas or methods such as the use of information gained by personal communication or during a grant or manuscript review. Plagiarism also includes the direct textual copying of your own or another person's work. Direct copying of 250 words or more constitutes plagiarism. Differences of opinion or honest errors do not constitute misconduct.
4) Duplicate publication:
All papers that are submitted must report unpublished work and cannot be under consideration for publication elsewhere. If a manuscript contains more than 200 words of previously published text or if previously published figures or tables are submitted, written permission must be obtained from the holder of the copyright. Copies of permission letters must be submitted with the original manuscript. Material that is published without permission from the copyright holder will be considered duplicate publication, which is a serious offense. Previously published material can be cited in a manuscript, but it must be indicated by quotation marks. If more than 200 words from a previously published manuscript appear in a manuscript that is submitted as an original work and if this material is not indicated with quotation marks, the material will be considered to be plagiarized.
5) Salami publications:
Dividing data, analysis, and presentation into "minimally publishable units" is a slippery slope, and can be used to extend one data set over several manuscripts. While this may be acceptable for clarity of presentation and focus on specific outcomes in different manuscripts, a motivation may also be to increase the publication list in an author's CV. The latter is unethical and unacceptable.